Updated: May 28, 2021
Mycelium can save soil that has been saturated with diesel and other petroleum wastes.
In a study done on four piles of contaminated soil – a control pile, one treated with bacteria, one treated with enzymes, and the last treated with mushroom mycelium – the one treated with mycelium were found to have absorbed the oil. The enzymes involved in this degradation are ligninolytic and include lignin peroxidase, versatile peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, general lipase, laccase and sometimes intracellular enzymes, especially the cytochrome P450
Mycelium can create entirely new biological communities.
As the mycelium absorbs nutrients from the oil-drenched soil, they break down carbon-hydrogen bonds and remanufacture the hydrocarbons into carbohydrates or fungal sugars. The spores that are present attract insects, which attract birds, who carry seeds, ultimately creating an entirely new biological community.
Can mushrooms save the bees ? Mycelium can produce vaccines for bees and humans.
Agarikon mushrooms, a very rare type of fungi, produce highly active vaccines against poxviruses and flu viruses (AH1N1, H3N2, among others).
Red Reishi mushrooms and “tinder fungus” have been shown to be effective “vaccines” for bees. They are an effective anti-viral that protects bees from viruses they’ve never before been protected from. Researchers dosed sugar-water feeders with mycelium extracts from several mushroom species, analyzing the effect on bees. In field and lab studies, treated bees fared better when infected by the virus. In cages, treated bees had an 800-fold decrease in virus level; in the field, the decrease was 44- to 79-fold.
Mycelium is a near-permanent solution to harmful insects.
Fungi kill harmful insects like carpenter ants and termites. These fungi based pesticides seem delicious enough to lure insects to them, and once the bugs have eaten them, the fungi sporulates and sprouts inside them, feeding on their internal tissue until they die and a tiny mushroom sprouts from their heads, which is how you know it worked. It is, so far, the most disruptive technology in the pesticide industry.